Fables, fairy tales, folk tales, and tall tales are all types of folklore - stories that have been passed down from one generation to the next. A fable is a story that teaches a lesson about life. Some of the most well known fables are Aesop's Fables. Fairy tales are imaginary stories with kings, queens, princes and princesses and magic objects. Hans Christian Andersen is a famous author of fairy tales and The Brothers Grimm are famous for collecting fairy tales throughout Germany and writing them down for others to enjoy. Folk tales teach important lessons and often have common people. Lastly, tall tales are an exaggeration of a story that may or may not be true.


Hans Christian Anderson

Hans Christian Anderson (1805-1875) wrote more than 150 fairy tales in his lifetime. He also wrote poems, stories, and plays. His first set of fairy tales was published in 1835. Children and adults still enjoy reading his fairy tales hundreds of years later.

AESOP

Aesop (sixth century B.C.) was the source for more than 600 fables. His fables are simple stories with moral endings. They have been told and retold for thousands of years. They still inspire new stories, plays, and movies today.
 
John Henry
John Henry
He hammers in the day and hammers in the night—John Henry is a steel-driving man. When a stranger brings around a steel-driving machine to out-hammer every human, John Henry says he won't be beat. But who really wins this battle of the hammer?
The Little Red Hen
The Little Red Hen
The little red hen works very hard, but where are the dog, the cat, and the mouse? They are lying around inside the house. With a few kernels of wheat and lots of care, will the little red hen have bread to share?
Chicken Little
Chicken Little
Poor Chicken Little! She thinks the sky is falling and runs off to tell the king. Along the way, Chicken Little makes many friends. But will the king ever learn the sky is falling? Find out in this classic tale.
The Princess and the Pea
The Princess and the Pea
How do you tell a real princess from a fake princess? The queen knows! Find out what the queen does to reveal the truth.
The Boy Who Cried Wolf
The Boy Who Cried Wolf
Even though he's not being honest, a bored shepherd boy thinks it's fun to see the villagers run to help him when he cries, "Wolf!" Find out what happens when the villagers no longer believe what he says.
The Fox and the Grapes
The Fox and the Grapes
The fox tries and tries, but he can't reach the grapes he wants. What does he do to get them? This Aesop fable may surprise you.